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This library provides chaining behavior and allows nested assertions using the include language chain for React-style VDOMs. Assertions are made against unrendered (or shallow-rendered) elements, making for lighter tests that do not rely on a DOM (be it fake or real).

By using duck typing, the plugin can accept a ReactElement or any object that has the same properties as a ReactElement:

  • A string type property
  • A props property that is an object, or no props property at all


There are several other Chai plugins intended to help make assertions on React objects. This library differs from the alternatives in the following manners:


expect(<div data-foo="bar"></div>).to.have.prop('data-foo', 'bar');

expect(<div><div data-foo="bar"></div></div>).to.include.prop('data-foo', 'bar');


The chain works non-eagerly, i.e. does not match against the first element found, meaning that this assertion will hold:



$ npm install chai-react-element

Note: currently only React 0.13.x is supported. Work on moving to React 0.14.x will commence in the near future.

import chai, {expect} from 'chai';
import matcher from 'chai-react-element';

The plugin is exported as an ES6 module. If using ES5, please use:



Chainable behavior is only supported for the .elementOfType assertion. This means that the .prop and .text assertions can only be used at the end of an assertion chain, and the following style is unsupported:

expect(<div data-foo="bar"><span></span></div>).to.have.prop('data-foo', 'bar')'span')

Negative assertions may behave unexpectedly for nested assertions. For instance, the following example will fail as soon as it encounters the first span element, while it should fail only on the second element.

expect(<div><span></span><span data-foo="bar"></span></div>).to.not.include.elementOfType('span').with.prop('data-foo');



This project uses Gulp for build and tests, and webpack-dev-server for running and debugging in-browser. To install the project, just run npm install.

To start the development environment, run npm start, or, if you have Gulp installed globally, gulp dev. This runs tests using Mocha and in addition starts webpack-dev-server on port 8080. To run the tests, use npm test (or gulp test).


Please open an issue on the project’s GitHub repo for any problem you might find. Please refrain from creating pull requests before discussing your problem in an issue.

Pull Requests

Please try to develop your submission using Test-Driven Development. At the very least, make sure that your changes are well-covered with tests, and that your code is clean.


  • Support React 0.14.x
  • Support nested negative assertions (see above)